My id is: General Knowledge Quiz | 01 April 2020

GK Quiz 01 April 2020

2020-04-01 | 6 minutes

1. Which of the following is true about the domicile rule of Jammu and Kashmir?

  1. Any person who has resided in Jammu and Kashmir would be considered as the domicile of Jammu and Kashmir.
  2. The central government has made the domicile rules under the powers granted to it under the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019.
  3. Both A and B
  4. None of the above

Ans. C


By using the powers under Section 92 of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019, which gives the central government the powers to repeal and amend existing laws, the domicile of the UT has been defined as:

Any person residing in Jammu and Kashmir for a period of fifteen years or has studied for a period of seven years and appeared in secondary and higher secondary board examination would be taken as a domicile of that UT and thus eligible to be appointed in the services thereon. The domicile includes those migrants who are registered by Relief and Rehabilitation Commissioner. Children of central government employee who has served in the UT for 10 years would be given the domicile of the UT. Children working outside the UT but their parents fulfill the domicile criteria would be eligible for the domicile.

Hence, the correct statement is C.


2. Which of the following is true about Ways and Means Advances?

  1. It is a kind of loan given to the government to get off the mismatch between receipts and expenditures.
  2. It is meant for the banks to fulfill their liquidity demands.
  3. It is a means to deposit the bank’s assets with RBI
  4. None of the above is true

Ans. A


Ways and means advances are the temporary loan facilities that can be availed by the central and state government from the RBI (banker to the government).  The scheme for the central government was started in 1997. Cash can be availed from the RBI for a period of 90 days. The rate of interest charged is equal to the repo rate. If it exceeds 90 days, it is treated as an overdraft, and interest rate charged is 2% above the repo rate. The limit of ways and means advances is decided mutually by the central and the state government. The current limit is INR 35000 crore. Ways and means advances are of two types i.e. normal and special. Special WMA or Special Drawing Rights are given against the security of the government. After the SDF limit gets exhausted, the normal WMA starts the interest rate of which is 1% less than the repo rate.

Hence, the correct answer is A.


3. Which of the following is true about Compulsory Licensing?

  1. It is under section 84 of the Indian Patent Act.
  2. It can be invoked by the Comptroller provided it is notified by the central government.
  3. 1st compulsory license was given for Nexavar for the treatment of Tuberculosis.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

  1. 1,2 and 3
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 2 and 3 only

Ans. B


According to the Section 84 of the Indian Patent Act 1970, any person regardless of whether he is the holder of the license of that Patent, can make a request to the Controller for grant of compulsory license on expiry of three years when any of the following conditions is fulfilled –

  • The reasonable requirements of the public concerning the patented invention have not been satisfied.
  • The patented invention is not available to the public at a reasonably affordable price.
  • The patented invention is not worked in the territory of India.

Also, the certificate can be issued by the Comptroller if notified by the central government in case of national emergency, extreme emergency, or for public non- commercial use. The ultimate discretion to issue the license lies with the Comptroller. It is to be noted that 1st certificate in India was given in 2012 to Natco pharma for generic production of Bayer Corporation’s Nexavar, a cancer drug.

Hence, the correct answer is B.


4. Natuna island is located in

  1. East China Sea
  2. South China Sea
  3. Yellow Sea
  4. Red Sea

Ans. B


Natuna island is located in the South China Sea and is part of the conflict over the 9 dash line over which China holds the exclusive claim. Indonesia holds claim over Natuna island as part of its Exclusive Economic Zone but is denied by China. Recently strife was seen between the two countries over the island as China is using trawls to do fishing in this region, thus depleting its resources.

Hence, the correct answer is B.


5. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

  1. All the tribal groups in Andaman and Nicobar are recognized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.
  2. Andaman and Nicobar island is the only union territory having PVTGs.
  3. Both A and B
  4. None of the above

Ans. C


There are 75 tribal groups in India recognized as PVTGs by the Ministry of Home Affairs on the following criteria:

  • Pre- agriculture level of technology
  • Stagnant or declining population
  • Extreme low literacy
  • Subsistence level of economy

The maximum number of PVTGs is in Odisha, followed by Andhra Pradesh.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the only Union Territory to have PVTGs. The Andaman islands have Negorite tribes which consist of the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese. The Nicobar islands have two Mongoloid tribesthe Shompen and Nicobarese.

Hence, the correct answer is C.