1. Which of the following statements is true?
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is a regional grouping of South Asian countries formed in 1985 with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal. The countries included in the grouping are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
All SAARC nations do not lie in the Indian Ocean as Nepal, Bhutan, and Afghanistan are landlocked countries. India makes land boundaries with 5 SAARC countries i.e Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.
Hence, the correct answer is B.
2. Who among the following is referred to as Jatir Pita?
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is known as Jatir Pita or the Father of the Nation in Bangladesh. He is known so as he was the central figure behind the Bangladesh Liberation Movement and the Bangladesh Liberation war in 1971.
India helped East Pakistan in getting the liberation as the movement culminated in India- Pakistan War of 1971 which led to the formation of Bangladesh.
Hence, D is the correct answer.
3. Yadavaran Oil field is located in which of the following countries?
Yadavaran Oil Field is located in Iran. The oil field along with Azadegan Oil Field are the major oil fields of Iran.
Hence, B is the correct answer.
4. 'Calcium-modified carboxymethyl-starch', which has been recently made by scientists from the Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST) is used for which of the following purpose?
Scientists from the Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST) have prepared 'Calcium-modified carboxymethyl-starch' that can absorb blood from the injury. The biodegradable microparticles of starch combine to form a gel which helps in the clotting of blood.
The microparticles after modifying chemical hydroxyl groups on starch to carboxymethyl groups and incorporating the calcium ions, which promote the aggregation of red blood cells and platelets and activate them to produce the fibrin protein network to forms a blood clot. This increases the ability of the molecules to interact with water due to which ability to absorb fluid from the blood increase and hence concentrate the clotting factors.
The current starch materials have slow fluid absorption capacities. Also, many hemostatic agents are expensive and do not work in all conditions.
Hence, the correct answer is A.
5. Which of the following is incorrect about PM KISAN Scheme?
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi is a scheme under the Ministry of Agriculture that aims to provide financial support of INR 6000 to the eligible farmer families. The definition of family includes husband, wife, minor children who collectively own agriculture land of 2 hectares or less than 2 hectares. Under the scheme, an amount of INR 6000 is to be provided in three equal installments of INR 2000 each.
Hence, the correct answer is C.