1. Which of the following is not true regarding Golden Langurs?
Recently, the primatologists have observed that the habitats of golden langurs in Assam has fragmented due to electric wires and gap in the forests due to felling of trees. This has also increased the threat of inbreeding among golden langurs.
The scientific name of Gee’s Golden Langur is Trachypithecus geei. It is found only in Assam and parts of Bhutan. These are endemic to the semi-green and mixed deciduous forests of India and Bhutan. The IUCN Status of Golden Langurs is Endangered.
Hence, the correct answer is C.
2. Which of the following correctly describes Swabhiman Anchal?
Swabhiman Anchal is a cut-off area in Malkangiri District of Odisha, which is a stronghold of Maoist. The region is covered by water on three sides and an inaccessible area from another. The region has been used by Maoists from Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to escape from police.
In the past, the people of this region had protested against the lack of development.
Recently, Odisha state police have said that the development activities in this region have increased due to strengthening of security network in the area.
Hence, the correct answer is D.
3. Consider the following statements regarding Senkaku Islands:
Which of the above given statements is/are incorrect?
The local assembly of Ishigaki city of Japan approved a plan to change the name of Senkaku Islands from “Tonshiro” to “Tonshiro Senkaku”.
The Senkaku Islands are a group of uninhabited islands located in East China Sea. These are known as Diaoyus in China and Taiwan. It is a disputed region between China, Japna and Taiwan. The Senkaku Islands are administered by Japan as part of the city of Ishigaki since 1972. These uninhabited islands are claimed ownership by Japan and China.
The region is strategically and economically significant due to its location and presence of undersea oil reserves and rich fishing grounds.
(Source: The Guardian)
Hence, the correct answer is B.
4. Which of the following statements is/are true regarding Hyacinth Macaw?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
Hyacinth Macaw is the largest flying parrot species and is native to central and eastern South America. Its IUCN status is Vulnerable and is listed under Appendix I of CITES.
The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence has carried out a joint operation in coordination with the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) and the Customs Department at the Kolkata airport. Under the operation, the consignment of 22 exotic macaws was intercepted at the airport. These macaws were smuggled from Bangladesh to Kolkata and were to reach Bengaluru.
The 22 exotic species were identified as hyacinth macaw, pesquet’s parrot, severe macaw and Hahn's macaw.
Trade or commerce in wild animals, animal articles, or trophies are prohibited under sections 48 and 49 of the Wildlife Protection Act.
Hence, the correct answer is C.
5. Which of the following active volcanoes is located in Indonesia?
Mount Merapi is one of the most active volcanoes in the world located in Indonesia. There are about 130 active volcanoes in Indonesia. Indonesia is located on the Ring of Fire, where many tectonic plates meet.
On 21st June 2020, Mount Merapi erupted twice. The last eruption occurred in March 2019. In 2010, the last significant eruption occurred that killed more than 300 people.
Hence, the correct answer is A.