My id is: General Knowledge Quiz | 24 May 2020

GK Quiz 24 May 2020

2020-05-24 | 6 minutes

1. Which of the following is true about Pulmonary Embolism?

  1. It is the flow of blood clots back to the lungs formed in deep veins.
  2. Generally, it is also called deep vein thrombosis.
  3. Continuous long hour sitting can be a cause of this disease.
  4. It is same as the Thrombosis.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

  1. 1,2,3 and 4
  2. 1 and 3
  3. 1,2 and 3
  4. 2 and 3

Ans.  C


Pulmonary Thrombosis or Pulmonary Embolism is the blockage of pulmonary arteries in the lungs. It occurs because the blood clots formed in the veins, generally deep veins of the legs, flow back to the lungs.

Common symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, cough. A person suffering from heart disease, cancer, obesity, injury like bone fractures, undergoing prolonged bed rest, or prolonged sitting without taking breaks are at high risk. The presence of an elevated level of D-dimer protein in the blood leads to a high level of risk of thrombosis. Thrombosis is the clots formed in blood, while Pulmonary Thrombosis occurs when the clots flow to the arteries in the lungs.

Hence, the correct answer is C.


2. Malathion Technical is used for which of the following purposes?

  1. To treat COVID-19 patients.
  2. To control the spread of Locust.
  3. To control African Swine fever in Assam.
  4. None of the above

Ans. B


Malathion Technical is an insecticide to control the spread of outdoor insects like locust. It has been manufactured by HIL (India) Limited, a PSU under Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. This insecticide has also been used by municipal corporations for dengue and chikungunya control programme.

HIL will produce and supply 25 MT of Malathion Technical to Iran under Locust Control Program under government to government arrangement.

An agreement was also signed between HIL and Ministry of Agriculture and Famers Welfare for the supply of Malathion Technical to Rajasthan and Gujarat for Locust Control Programme.

Hence, the correct answer is B.


3. Which of the following is true about Heatwaves?

  1. In plains, heatwave is declared when the plains temperature becomes equal or greater than 45°C.
  2. Decreasing groundwater level can increase the intensity of heatwave.
  3. It can be declared when the departure from normal temperature is 4.5 to 6.4°C.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

  1. 1,2 and 3
  2. 1 and 2
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1and 3

Ans. A


The heatwave is considered if the maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C or more for Plains, 37°C or more for coastal stations and at least 30°C or more for Hilly regions.

Heatwave can be declared when the departure from normal temperature is 4.5°C to 6.4°C. Severe Heatwave can be declared when departure from normal is >6.4°C.

Based on Actual Maximum Temperature (for plains only), Heatwave can be declared when the actual maximum temperature ≥ 45°C. Severe Heat Wave: When actual maximum temperature ≥47°C.

Depleting groundwater can affect irrigation and can make the land barren thus, increasing the intensity of heatwaves.

Hence, the correct answer is A.


4. Which of the following is true about Eugenia Sphaerocarpa which has been discovered in the Western Ghats?

  1. It is a species of black frog found in Kerala.
  2. It is a variety of endangered flowers.
  3. It is a species of plants belonging to the Rose Apple family.
  4. It is a new species of grasshopper.

Ans. C


Eugenia Sphaerocarpa is a plant belonging to the Rose apple family recently discovered along with Goniothalamus sericeus of the Annonaceae family of custard apple and Memecylon nervosum of the Melastomataceae (Kayamboo or Kaasavu in local parlance) family.

The plants have been discovered in Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the Western Ghats by a team of scientists of the Botanical Survey of India.

The Eugenia Sphaerocarpa has been found in Malabar wildlife sanctuary at a height of 800m while some plants of Goniothalamus sericeus have been found in Kanyakumari wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu at a height of 1400 meters.

Hence, the correct answer is C.


5. Which of the following is true about Happy hypoxia?

  1. It is a situation where there is less oxygen in the body but the person does not face shortness of breath.
  2. The situation is called Silent Pneumonia.
  3. Both A and B
  4. None

Ans. C


Happy hypoxia or silent pneumonia is a situation when there is a shortness of oxygen in the body but still there is normal breathing because there is a normal exchange of gases across the lungs. This situation is usually seen in COVID-19 patients and is a temporary situation. Happy Hypoxia is one of the situations that can worsen the state of COVID-19 patients and can lead to sudden death as it is asymptomatic.

Hence, the correct answer is C.


6. Consider the following statements:

  1. The ARYA Scheme was launched in 2019 by Ministry of Human Resources and Development.
  2. The scheme aims at attracting and retaining the youth in research.

Which of the above given statements is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans. C


Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) initiated the programme Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture (ARYA). The scheme aims at attracting and empowering the youth in rural areas by developing economic models for them in the village. It was launched in July 2015 on the 87th foundation day of ICAR by PM Narendra Modi.

The scheme will be implemented in 25 states through Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), one district from each state. 200-300 rural youths in each district will be identified for their skill development in entrepreneurial activities. The technology partners are the Agricultural Universities and ICAR institutes.

ICAR is an autonomous organization under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. It was established in 1929 and is headquartered in New Delhi.

The massive reverse migration of people from urban areas to villages due to lockdown being in effect in the wake of COVID-19 has put focus on the ARYA scheme.

Hence, the correct answer is C.