My id is: General Knowledge Quiz | 27 October 2020

GK Quiz 27 October 2020

2020-10-27 | 4 minutes

Q1. Consider the following statements about the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW):

  1. It is a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons.
  2. India had participated in negotiations that created the treaty.
  3. Russia became the 50th country to ratify the accord.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Solution: B)


Statements 1,2 and 3: Recently, Honduras became the 50th country to ratify the accord.

About Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW):

  • It was adopted at United Nations in 2017.
  • It will enter into force 90 days after the 50th ratification.
  • It is the first multilateral legally-binding instrument for nuclear disarmament.
  • The eight nuclear weapon states, namely US, Russia, Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan and North Korea, along with Israel, had not participated in the negotiations that created the treaty.
  • It obliges State parties to provide adequate assistance to individuals affected by the testing or use of nuclear weapons.
  • It prohibits a full range of nuclear-weapon related activities, such as undertaking to develop, test, produce, manufacture, acquire, possess or stockpile nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

So, statement 1 is correct and statements 2 and 3 are incorrect. Hence, option B is correct.


Q2. Which of the following is/are not an application of superconductors?

  1. Energy Storage
  2. Magnetic levitation trains
  3. Power transmission

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1,2 and 3
  4. 3 only

Solution: D)


About Superconductors:

  • Superconductors are materials that conduct electricity with no resistance.
  • Properties:
    • No magnetic field can exist within a superconductor
    • It will exclude magnetic fields, a phenomenon called the Meissner effect.
  • Applications include:
    • These are used in maglev trains, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) machines.
    • Power storage and transmission
    • Large hadron collider or particle accelerator

Hence, option D is correct.


Q3. Industry 4.0 focuses on –

  1. Machine Learning
  2. Interconnectivity
  3. Automation
  4. All of the above

Solution: D)


Recently, IIT Kharagpur and Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) have jointly developed a novel Industry 4.0 Technology.

Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution and is a new phase in the industrial revolution that focuses heavily on automation, interconnectivity, real-time data and Machine Learning.

Hence, option D is correct.


Q4. Region of Oaxaca, recently seen in news, is located in –

  1. Mexico
  2. Brazil
  3. Peru
  4. Sudan

Solution: A)

Explanation: Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a reference to the region of Oaxaca which is in Mexico.

About Khadi Oaxaca:

  • It has been founded by Mark “Marcos” Brown, an American living in Mexico, and his wife, Kalindi Attar.
  • It is a farm-to-garment collective which comprises around 400 families, which live and work on traditional farms and homesteads in the Oaxaca region of southern Mexico.

Hence, option A is correct.


Q5. Consider the following pairs:

Kabartal Wetland


Asan Conservation Reserve


Bhoj Wetlands

Madhya Pradesh


Which of the pair(s) given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 2 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

Solution: C)


Recently, Kabartal Wetland (Bihar) and Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttrakhand) have been designated as Ramsar Sites.

Kabartal Wetland is also known as Kanwar Jheel. It covers 2,620 hectares of the Indo-Gangetic plains in the Begusarai district of Bihar. It has five critically endangered species including two waterbirds, the sociable lapwing and Baer’s pochard and three vultures, namely, red-headed vulture, white-rumped vulture and Indian vulture.

Asan Conservation Reserve is Uttarakhand’s first Ramsar Site. It is a 444-hectare stretch of the Asan River running down to its confluence with the Yamuna River in Dehradun district of Uttarakhand.

Bhoj wetland is situated in Madhya Pradesh.

Hence, option C is correct.