Context: On 29th February, the US has signed a peace agreement with the Taliban in Doha.
Key features of agreement between US and Taliban: The agreement between the US and Taliban has been signed after a period of 19 years since the US launched an attack on the Taliban in 2001. With the help of the agreement, the US aims to bring peace in Afghanistan. Important details about the agreement are provided below.
After the agreement, the Taliban will directly talk with the Afghan government to find a solution to civil war in Afghanistan. The talks between the two will begin on 10 March.
Criticisms of agreement:
Agreement does not include Afghanistan government: Afghanistan government has been kept out of the agreement between the US and the Taliban. As the Taliban has tried to destabilize the government, the exclusion of the government from the agreement raises doubt over its legitimacy.
The agreement gives excessive concessions to Taliban: Before signing the agreement, Taliban and the US have agreed for a reduction of violence period that lasted only seven days. In agreement, the US has agreed to remove troops. Taliban had agreed that it would not allow terrorist groups to use Afghan soil and talk with the Kabul government to find a solution to civil war. Seven days ceasefire declaration by an organization that has remained violent for a long time is not enough.
The agreement leaves Afghan people at the mercy of Taliban: Taliban has followed strict laws based on religion. It is known for not allowing a woman in public life and closing schools. In the agreement, the Taliban has not agreed to respect the civil liberties of the people or accept the Constitution of Afghanistan. Thus, the agreement leaves people of Afghanistan at the mercy of Taliban.
An examination of the US-Taliban agreement shows that the US has agreed to withdraw troops without making the Afghanistan government a participant in a deal that aims to bring peace in Afghanistan. The agreement puts the Taliban in a strong position and current Afghanistan government in a disadvantageous position as it grants an excessive concession to the Taliban and leaves people of Afghanistan at the mercy of this violent and insurgent organization.
NEED TO KNOW FACTS:
Afghanistan (Geographical Features):
Amu River lies in north of Afghanistan.