1. Which of the following statements is true about Wetland Management in India?
Select the correct answer from the code given below-
Statement 1: There is no particular act for the conservation of the wetlands in India. However, the government notifies rules for its conservation. The 2017 rules have followed wetland conservation rules 2010. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
Statement 2: Under Wetland Rules 2017, wetlands are defined as an area of marsh, fen, peatland or water both natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, fresh, brackish or saltwater, marine water static or flowing water, the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters. It does not include river channels, paddy fields, human-made water bodies/tanks specifically constructed for drinking water purposes and structures specifically constructed for aquaculture, salt production, irrigation purpose, and recreation. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
Statement 3: Ramsar Convention calls on the nation for the conservation of the wetlands. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
Statement 4: Under the India State Forest Report 2019, Gujarat has the highest wetland area. Hence, statement 4 is correct.
Therefore, all statements are correct.
Hence, A is the correct answer.
2. Who among the following releases Global Economic Prospects Report?
Global Economic Prospects report is released by the World Bank semi-annually. Other reports released by the World Bank are:
Hence, A is the correct answer.
3. Which of the following is true about the Suchindaram Thanumalayan temple?
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
Statement 1: The temple has trinity i.e Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. The trinity is worshipped in the form of a huge linga. The temple is significant for both Shaivites and Vashnavites. Hence, Statement 1 is correct.
Statement 2: The temple is built under the Dravidian style of architecture. Hence, Statement 2 is correct.
Statement 3: The temple has two musical pillars. The pillars are designed in a way that on striking them the pillars give a musical sound. The 56 pillars in the Vittala temple are also called musical pillars. However, the reason behind their design is unknown. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
Statement 4: The temple is in Tamil Nadu. Hence, statement 4 is incorrect.
Therefore, Statements 1,2 and 3 are correct and 4 is incorrect.
Hence, the correct answer is B.
4. The import and export of hazardous chemicals are covered under which of the following?
Rotterdam Convention, also known as the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, is a convention signed in 1998 and got effective in 2004. The convention aims for the open exchange of information on the import of hazardous chemicals and pesticides.
The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted in 1989 and it came into force in 1992. It is the most comprehensive global environmental agreement on hazardous wastes and other wastes. It covers various types of waste but does not include radioactive waste. (Source:unenvironment.org).
Hence, C is the correct answer.
5. Which of the following is an incorrect statement?
Lokayukta is a statuary body under the Lokpal and Lokayukta Act 2013. The structure of Lokayukta is different in different states. But the Lokayukta is appointed by the Governor of the particular state.
The Lokpal consists of 8 members out of which 50% are to be judicial members. The jurisdiction of the Lokpal extends over Prime Minister, members of parliament, Group A, B, C, D officers and the officials of the central government. Thus, CBI is included under the Jurisdiction of Lokpal.
Hence, D is the correct answer.